CFDP 846

Weak Convergence of Sample Covariance Matrices to Stochastic Integrals via Martingale Approximations


Publication Date: July 1987

Pages: 9


Under general conditions the sample covariance matrix of a vector martingale and its differences converges weakly to the matrix stochastic integral from zero to one of ∫01BdB’, where B is vector Brownian motion. For strictly stationary and ergodic sequences, rather than martingale differences, a similar result obtains. In this case, the limit is ∫01BdB’ + Λ and involves a constant matrix Λ, of bias terms whose magnitude depends on the serial correlation properties of the sequence. This note gives a simple proof of the result using martingale approximations.


Martingale approximations, Stochastic integrals, Weak convergence

JEL Classification Codes:  211

See CFP: 716