When the Great Equalizer Shuts Down: Schools, Peers, and Parents in Pandemic Time
What are the eﬀects of school closures during the Covid-19 pandemic on children’s education? Online education is an imperfect substitute for in-person learning, particularly for children from low-income families. Peer eﬀects also change: schools allow children from diﬀerent socio-economic backgrounds to mix together, and this eﬀect is lost when schools are closed. Another factor is the response of parents, some of whom compensate for the changed environment through their own eﬀorts, while others are unable to do so.