Herbert Scarf's Contributions to Economics, Game Theory and Operations Research
(Edited by Zaifu Yang) Herbert Scarf is a highly esteemed distinguished American economist. He is internationally famous for his early epoch-making work on optimal inventory policies and his highly influential study with Andrew Clark on optimal policies for a multi-echelon inventory problem, which initiated the important and flourishing ﬁeld of supply chain management. Equally, he has gained world recognition for his classic study on the stability of the Walrasian price adjustment processes and his fundamental analysis on the relationship between the core and the set of competitive equilibria (the so-called Edgeworth conjecture). Further achievements include his remarkable suﬀicient condition for the existence of a core in non-transferable utility games and general exchange economies, his seminal paper with Lloyd Shapley on housing markets, and his pioneering study on increasing returns and models of production in the presence of indivisibilities. All in all, however, the name of Scarf is always remembered as a synonym for the computation of economic equilibria and ﬁxed points. In the early 1960s he invented a path-breaking technique for computing equilibrium prices.
This work has generated a major research ﬁeld in economics termed Applied General Equilibrium Analysis and a corresponding area in operations research known as Simplicial Fixed Point Methods. This book comprises all his research articles and consists of four volumes: Volume 1 collects his papers in the area of Economics and Game Theory; Volume 2 collects his papers in the area of Operations Research and Management; Volume 3 collects his papers in the area of Production in Indivisibilities and the Theories of Large Firms; and Volume 4 collects Herbert Scarf’s papers in the area of Applied Equilibrium Analysis.