This paper extends the optimal labor contracts literature to consider an environment with both real and nominal shocks. In an overlapping generations model, we compare alternative means of trading labor services: spot markets, ﬁxed nominal wage contracts and price-contingent contracts. The ordering of these market structures will depend on the relative variability of the real and nominal shocks and the costs of contingent contracts. We also investigate the role of monetary policy and the circumstances under which feedback rules are neutral. Finally, we show that a non-stochastic monetary policy is optimal.