Publication Date: November 2018
1960 to 1980 doubling (21% to 41%) of black children in one-parent families emerged from 1940-to-1970 urbanization converging population toward urbanized blacks’ historically stable high rate, not post-1960 welfare liberalization or deindustrialization. Urban and rural child socializations structured diﬀerent Jim Crow Era black family formations. Agrarian economic enclaves socialized conformity to Jim Crow and two-parent families; urban enclaves rebellion, male joblessness, and destabilized families. Proxying urban/rural residence at age 16 for socialization location, logistic regressions on sixties census data conﬁrm the hypothesis. Racialized urban socialization negatively aﬀected two-parent family formation and poverty status of blacks but not whites.
Keywords: Behavioral Economics, Logistic Regression