Publication Date: November 2017
Revision Date: August 2020
We analyze the long-term workforce composition when the quality of mentoring available to majority and minority juniors depends on their representation in the workforce. A workforce with ≥ 50% majority workers invariably converges to one where the majority is overrepresented relative to the population. To maximize welfare, persistent interventions, such as group-speciﬁc fellowships, are often needed, and the optimal workforce may include minority workers of lower innate talent than the marginal majority worker. We discuss the role of mentorship determinants, talent dispersion, the scope of short-term interventions, various policy instruments and contrast our results to the classic fairness narrative.
Aﬀirmative action, Continuous time overlapping generations, Human capital, Labor participation, Employment insecurity, Mentoring, Talent
JEL Classification Codes: D62, E24, I2, J15, J16, J24