CFDP 1406

Beauty Contests, Bubbles and Iterated Expectations in Asset Markets

Author(s): 

Publication Date: March 2003

Pages: 37

Abstract: 

In a financial market where traders are risk averse and short lived, and prices are noisy, asset prices today depend on the average expectation today of tomorrow’s price. Thus (iterating this relationship) the date 1 price equals the date 1 average expectation of the date 2 average expectation of the date 3 price. This will not in general equal the date 1 average expectation of the date 3 price. We show how this failure of the law of iterated expectations for average belief can help understand the role of higher order beliefs in a fully rational asset pricing model and explain over-reaction to (noisy) public information.

Keywords: 

Beauty contests, Bubbles, Noisy rational expectations equilibrium, Martingales, Public information, Asset prices

JEL Classification Codes:  E4, G12

Note: 

Published in Review of Financial Studies (Fall 2006), 19(3): 719-752 [DOI]