Publication Date: June 1999
Time series data are often well modelled by using the device of an autoregressive root that is local to unity. Unfortunately, the localizing parameter (c) is not consistently estimable using existing time series econometric techniques and the lack of a consistent estimator complicates inference. This paper develops procedures for the estimation of a common localizing parameter using panel data. Pooling information across individuals in a panel aids the identiﬁcation and estimation of the localising parameter and leads to consistent estimation in simple panel models. However, in the important case of models with concomitant deterministic trends, it is shown that pooled panel estimators of the localising parameter are asymptotically biased. Some techniques are developed to overcome this diﬀiculty and consistent estimators of c in the region c < 0 are developed for panel models with deterministic and stochastic trends. A limit distribution theory is also established and test statistics are constructed for exploring interesting hypotheses, like the equivalence of local to unity parameters across subgroups of the population. The methods are applied to the empirically important problem of the eﬀicient extraction of deterministic trends. They are also shown to deliver consistent estimates of distancing parameters in nonstationary panel models where the initial conditions are in the distant past.
Bias, local to unity, Panel data, pooled regression, subgroup testing
See CFP: 1018